_Abandon_ is a word of wide signification, applying to persons or things
of any kind; _abdicate_ and _resign_ apply to office, authority, or
Ipower; _cede_ to territorial possessions; _surrender_ especially to
military force, and more generally to any demand, claim, passion, etc.
From fairest creatures we desire increase,_Quit_ carries an idea of suddenness or abruptness not necessarily
That thereby beauty's rose might never die,implied in _abandon_, and may not have the same suggestion of finality.
But as the riper should by time decease,The king _abdicates_ his throne, _cedes_ his territory, _deserts_ his
His tender heir might bear his memory:followers, _renounces_ his religion, _relinquishes_ his titles,
But thou contracted to thine own bright eyes,_abandons_ his designs. A cowardly officer _deserts_ his ship; the
Feed'st thy light's flame with self-substantial fuel,helpless passengers _abandon_ it. We _quit_ business, _give up_
Making a famine where abundance lies,property, _resign_ office, _abandon_ a habit or a trust. _Relinquish_
Thy self thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel:commonly implies reluctance; the fainting hand _relinquishes_ its grasp;
Thou that art now the world's fresh ornament,the creditor _relinquishes_ his claim. _Abandon_ implies previous
And only herald to the gaudy spring,association with responsibility for or control of; _forsake_ implies
Within thine own bud buriest thy content,previous association with inclination or attachment, real or assumed; a
And tender churl mak'st waste in niggarding:man may _abandon_ or _forsake_ house or friends; he _abandons_ an
Pity the world, or else this glutton be,enterprise; _forsakes_ God. _Abandon_ is applied to both good and evil
To eat the world's due, by the grave and thee.action; a thief _abandons_ his designs, a man his principles. _Forsake_,
like _abandon_, may be used either in the favorable or unfavorable
IIsense; _desert_ is always unfavorable, involving a breach of duty,
except when used of mere localities; as, "the Deserted Village." While a
When forty winters shall besiege thy brow,monarch _abdicates_, a president or other elected or appointed officer
And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field,_resigns_. It was held that James II. _abdicated_ his throne by
Thy youth's proud livery so gazed on now,_deserting_ it.
Will be a tatter'd weed of small worth held:_Abase_ refers only to outward conditions. "Exalt him that is low, and
Then being asked, where all thy beauty lies,_abase_ him that is high." _Ezek._ xxi, 26. _Debase_ applies to quality
Where all the treasure of thy lusty days;or character. The coinage is _debased_ by excess of alloy, the man by
To say, within thine own deep sunken eyes,vice. _Humble_ in present use refers chiefly to feeling of heart;
Were an all-eating shame, and thriftless praise._humiliate_ to outward conditions; even when one is said to _humble_
How much more praise deserv'd thy beauty's use,himself, he either has or affects to have humility of heart. To
If thou couldst answer 'This fair child of mine_disgrace_ may be to bring or inflict odium upon others, but the word is
Shall sum my count, and make my old excuse,'chiefly and increasingly applied to such moral odium as one by his own
Proving his beauty by succession thine!acts brings upon himself; the noun _disgrace_ retains more of the
This were to be new made when thou art old,passive sense than the verb; he _disgraced_ himself by his conduct; he
And see thy blood warm when thou feel'st it cold.brought _disgrace_ upon his family. To _dishonor_ a person is to deprive
him of honor that should or might be given. To _discredit_ one is to
IIIinjure his reputation, as for veracity or solvency. A sense of
unworthiness _humbles_; a shameful insult _humiliates_; imprisonment for
Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewestcrime _disgraces_. _Degrade_ may refer to either station or character.
Now is the time that face should form another;An officer is _degraded_ by being _reduced_ to the ranks, _disgraced_ by
Whose fresh repair if now thou not renewest,cowardice; vile practises _degrade_; drunkenness is a _degrading_ vice.
Thou dost beguile the world, unbless some mother.Misfortune or injustice may _abase_ the good; nothing but their own
For where is she so fair whose unear'd wombill-doing can _debase_ or _disgrace_ them.
Disdains the tillage of thy husbandry?Any sense of inferiority _abashes_, with or without the sense of wrong.
Or who is he so fond will be the tomb,The poor are _abashed_ at the splendor of wealth, the ignorant at the
Of his self-love to stop posterity?learning of the wise. "I might have been _abashed_ by their authority."
Thou art thy mother's glass and she in theeGLADSTONE _Homeric Synchron._, p. 72. [H. '76.] To _confuse_ is to bring
Calls back the lovely April of her prime;into a state of mental bewilderment; to _confound_ is to overwhelm the
So thou through windows of thine age shalt see,mental faculties; to _daunt_ is to subject to a certain degree of fear.
Despite of wrinkles this thy golden time._Embarrass_ is a strong word, signifying primarily hamper, hinder,
But if thou live, remember'd not to be,impede. A solitary thinker may be _confused_ by some difficulty in a
Die single and thine image dies with thee.subject, or some mental defect; one is _embarrassed_ in the presence of
others, and because of their presence. Confusion is of the intellect,
IVembarrassment of the feelings. A witness may be _embarrassed_ by
annoying personalities, so as to become _confused_ in statements. To
Unthrifty loveliness, why dost thou spend_mortify_ a person is to bring upon him a painful sense of humiliation,
Upon thy self thy beauty's legacy?whether because of his own or another's fault or failure. A pupil is
Nature's bequest gives nothing, but doth lend,_confused_ by a perplexing question, a general _confounded_ by
And being frank she lends to those are free:overwhelming defeat. A hostess is _discomposed_ by the tardiness of
Then, beauteous niggard, why dost thou abuseguests, a speaker _disconcerted_ by a failure of memory. The criminal
The bounteous largess given thee to give?who is not _abashed_ at detection may be _daunted_ by the officer's
Profitless usurer, why dost thou useweapon. Sudden joy may _bewilder_, but will not _abash_. The true
So great a sum of sums, yet canst not live?worshiper is _humbled_ rather than _abashed_ before God. The parent is
For having traffic with thy self alone,_mortified_ by the child's rudeness, the child _abashed_ at the parent's
Thou of thy self thy sweet self dost deceive:reproof. The _embarrassed_ speaker finds it difficult to proceed. The
Then how when nature calls thee to be gone,mob is _overawed_ by the military, the hypocrite _shamed_ by exposure.
What acceptable audit canst thou leave?"A man whom no denial, no scorn could _abash_." FIELDING _Amelia_ bk.
Thy unused beauty must be tombed with thee,iii, ch. 9, p. 300. [B. & S. '71.] Compare CHAGRIN; HINDER.
Which, used, lives th' executor to be.The storm, the fever, the pain _abates_. Interest _declines_.
Misfortunes may be _mitigated_, desires _moderated_, intense anger
V_abated_, population _decreased_, taxes _reduced_. We _abate_ a
nuisance, _terminate_ a controversy, _suppress_ a rebellion. See
Those hours, that with gentle work did frameALLEVIATE.
The lovely gaze where every eye doth dwell, aggravate, enhance, foment, rage,
Will play the tyrants to the very same amplify, enlarge, increase, raise,
And that unfair which fairly doth excel; continue, extend, magnify, revive.
For never-resting time leads summer on develop,
To hideous winter, and confounds him there; advocate, countenance, incite, sanction,
Sap checked with frost, and lusty leaves quite gone, aid, embolden, instigate, support,
Beauty o'er-snowed and bareness every where: assist, encourage, promote, uphold.
Then were not summer's distillation left,_Abet_ and _instigate_ are now used almost without exception in a bad
A liquid prisoner pent in walls of glass,sense; one may _incite_ either to good or evil. One _incites_ or
Beauty's effect with beauty were bereft,_instigates_ to the doing of something not yet done, or to increased
Nor it, nor no remembrance what it was:activity or further advance in the doing of it; one _abets_ by giving
But flowers distill'd, though they with winter meet,sympathy, countenance, or substantial aid to the doing of that which is
Leese but their show; their substance still lives sweet.already projected or in process of commission. _Abet_ and _instigate_
apply either to persons or actions, _incite_ to persons only; one